5.E.2 - Other Waste: Building and Car Fires

Last updated on 29 Aug 2019 09:29 (cf. Authors)

Short description

Within NFR 5.E.2 - Other Waste: Building and Car Fires, emissions from building and car fires are reported.

NFR Code Name of Category Method AD EF Key Category 1
5.E.2 Other Waste: Building and Car Fires D NS D L & T: PM10, PM2.5, PCDD/F | T: BC


With category 'building and car fires' accidental fires are mentioned (including acts of vandalism).

In 2017, the ERT has drawn up a calculation for all MS with a gap for building and car fires on the basis of the population of the MS. Up to now a country-specific method is not ready to use.

From this technical revision, a new inventory table was created for Germany as Tier2 technology-specific approach. In adding to the technical Revision for particulate emissions, a complete EM-spectrum was implemented, which follows the given default factors.

Activity data

Official population statistics for Germany are applied as primary activity data.
From these statistical input data, the number of fires is estimated via EU-average numbers for different fires per 1,000 inhabitants:

For building fires, the average number of fires per 1,000 inhabitants is 1.0 for 2005, 2010 and 2015.

In order to apply the emission factors available from the 2016 EMEP/EEA Guidebook, the annual number of building fires is further differentiated for detached and undetached, appartment and industrial buildings via annual statistics on buildings and flats [1]:

Table 1: Repartition per category of buildings, for 2015
detached houses undetached houses appartement buildings industrial buildings
25% 12% 43% 20%

For car fires, the verage number of fires per 1,000 inhabitants is 0.35 for 2005, 2010 and 2015.

In contrast to building fires, in accordance to the emission factor values provided in the 2016 EMEP/EEA Guidebook, no additional differentiation e.g. of vehicle categories is implemented.

Emission factors

For most of pollutants Tier2 default values from the EMEP/EEA air pollutant emission inventory guidebook 2016, Chapter 5.E - Other waste, tables 3-2 to 3-6 are applied [2]. Due to gap for emissions factors of black carbon we assume the following analogy: 10% of PM2.5 from Table 3-40, Tier 2 emission factor for conventional stoves, wood and similar wood waste.


Due to revised population figures for 1991-2011 and for 1990 and from 2012 since the adjustment of the population figures on the basis of the 2011 census the emissions estimations were slightly changed.

Planned improvements

At the moment, the method is under review within a current research project [3]. A country-specific method will be applied from the next submission.

1. Statistisches Bundesamt: Gebäude und Wohnungen - Bestand an Wohnungen und Wohngebäuden Bauabgang von Wohnungen und Wohngebäuden - Lange Reihen ab 1969 - 2017; URL: https://www.destatis.de/DE/Themen/Gesellschaft-Umwelt/Wohnen/Publikationen/Downloads-Wohnen/fortschreibung-wohnungsbestand-pdf-5312301.html ; Wiesbaden, 2018.
2. EMEP/EEA, 2016: EMEP/EEA air pollutant emission inventory guidebook 2016, Copenhagen, 2016.
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